The Rights of Requesters and the Responsibilities of Bedford County Public Schools (BCPS) under the Virginia Freedom of Information Act.

The Virginia Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), located § 2.2-3700 et seq. of the Code of Virginia, guarantees citizens of the Commonwealth and representatives of the media access to public records held by public bodies, public officials, and public employees.

A public record is any writing or recording - regardless of whether it is a paper record, an electronic file, an audio or video recording, or any other format - that is prepared or owned by, or in the possession of a public body or its officers, employees or agents in the transaction of public business.  All public records are presumed to be open, and may only be withheld if a specific, statutory exemption applies.

The policy of FOIA states that the purpose of FOIA is to promote an increased awareness by all persons of governmental activities. In furthering this policy, FOIA requires that the law be interpreted liberally, in favor of access, and that any exemption allowing public records to be withheld must be interpreted narrowly.


  • Citizens of the Commonwealth and representatives of the media have the right to request to inspect or receive copies of public records, or both.

  • Citizens of the Commonwealth and representatives of the media have the right to request that any charges for the requested records be estimated in advance.

  • If a citizen of the Commonwealth or representative of the media believes that their FOIA rights have been violated, the citizen or media representative may file a petition in district or circuit court to compel compliance with FOIA. Alternatively, they may contact the FOIA Council for a nonbinding advisory opinion.


  • Records may be requested by U.S. Mail, fax, e-mail, in person, or over the phone. FOIA does not require that a request be in writing, nor that it specifically state that records are being requested under FOIA.

  • As a practical matter, it may be helpful to both the requester and the person receiving the request to put the request in writing. This creates a record of the request. It also gives us a clear statement of what records are requested, so that there is no misunderstanding over a verbal request. However, we cannot refuse to respond to a FOIA request if it is not put in writing.

  • A request must identify the records sought with “reasonable specificity.” This is a common-sense standard. It does not refer to or limit the volume or number of records requested; instead, it requires the requester to be specific enough so that we can identify and locate the records that are requested.

  • A request must ask for existing records or documents. FOIA creates a right to inspect or copy records; it does not apply to general questions about the work of BCPS, nor does it require BCPS to create a record that does not exist.
  • A requester may choose to receive electronic records in any format used by BCPS in the regular course of business. For example, if requested records are maintained in an Excel file, the requester you may elect to receive those records electronically, via e-mail, or to receive a printed copy of those records.
  • If we have questions about a request, please cooperate with staff’s efforts to clarify the type of records sought, or to attempt to reach a reasonable agreement about a response to a large request. Making a FOIA request is not an adversarial process, but we may need to discuss a request to ensure that we understand what records are being sought.

To request records from Bedford County Public Schools, direct your request to Bedford County Public Schools’ designated Freedom of Information Act Officer (FOIA Officer) who is responsible for serving as a point of contact for members of the public who wish to request public records. The Bedford County Public Schools FOIA Officer is:Graphic with BCPS logo and the words FOIA - Freedom of Information Act

Melissa Sexton
[email protected]
310 South Bridge Street
Bedford, VA 24523

In addition, the FOIA Advisory Council is available to answer questions about FOIA. The Council may be contacted by e-mail at [email protected] or by phone at (804) 698-1810 or 1-866-448-4100.


BCPS must respond to your request within five working days of receiving it.  "Day One" is considered the day after your request is received. The five-day period does not include weekends or holidays.

The reason behind a request for public records from BCPS is irrelevant and a requester does not have to state why they want the records before we respond to the request. FOIA does, however, allow BCPS to require a requester to provide their name and legal address.

FOIA requires that BCPS make one of the following responses to a request within the five-day time period:

  • We provide the records requested in their entirety.
  • We withhold all of the records requested because all of the records are subject to a specific statutory exemption or exemptions. If all of the records are being withheld, we must send a response in writing. That writing must identify the volume and subject matter of the records withheld and state the specific section(s) of the Code of Virginia that allows us to withhold the records.
  • We provide some of the records requested but withhold other records. We cannot withhold an entire record if only a portion of it is subject to an exemption. In that instance, we may redact the portion of the record that may be withheld and must provide the remainder of the record. We must provide the requester a written response stating the specific section(s) of the Code of Virginia that allows portions of the requested records to be withheld.
  • We inform the requester in writing that the requested records cannot be found or do not exist (we do not have the records requested). However, if we know that another public body has the requested records, we must include contact information for the other public body in our response.
  • If it is practically impossible for BCPS to respond to the request within the five-day period, we must state this in writing, explaining the conditions that make the response impossible. This will allow us 7 additional working days to respond to the request, giving us a total of 12 working days to respond to the request.

If a request is made for a very large number of records and we feel that we cannot provide the records within 12 working days without disrupting our other organizational responsibilities, we may petition the court for additional time to respond to the request. However, FOIA requires that we make a reasonable effort to reach an agreement with the requester concerning the production of the records before we go to court to ask for more time.


Except with regard to scholastic records requested pursuant to subdivision A 1 of Va. Code § 2.2-3705.4 that must be made available for inspection pursuant to the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (20 U.S.C. § 1232g) and such requests for scholastic records by a parent or legal guardian of a minor student or by a student who is 18 years of age or older, BCPS may make reasonable charges not to exceed its actual cost incurred in accessing, duplicating, supplying or searching for the requested records and makes all reasonable efforts to supply the requested records at the lowest possible cost. BCPS will not impose any extraneous, intermediary or surplus fees or expenses to recoup the general costs associated with creating or maintaining records or transacting the general business of the schools. Any duplicating fee charged by BCPS will not exceed the actual cost of duplication. Prior to conducting a search for records, BCPS notifies the requestor in writing that it may make reasonable charges not to exceed its actual cost incurred in accessing, duplicating, supplying, or searching for requested records and inquires of the requestor whether the requestor would like to request a cost estimate in advance of the supplying of the requested records as set forth in Va. Code § 2.2-3704.F. A requestor may request that BCPS estimate in advance the charges for supplying the records requested. This will allow the requestor to know about any costs upfront, or give the requestor the opportunity to modify the request in an attempt to lower the estimated costs.

The requester may have to pay for the records requested from BCPS. FOIA allows us to charge for the actual costs of responding to FOIA requests. This includes items like staff time spent searching for the requested records, copying costs or any other costs directly related to supplying the requested records. It does not include general overhead costs. Any costs incurred by the BCPS in estimating the cost of supplying the requested records will be applied toward the overall charges to be paid by the requestor for the supplying of such requested records.

If we estimate that it will cost more than $200 to respond to a request, we may require the requester to pay a deposit, not to exceed the amount of the estimate, before proceeding with the request. The five days that we have to respond to the request does not include the time between when we ask for a deposit and when the requester responds.

If a requester owes us money from a previous FOIA request that has remained unpaid for more than 30 days, BCPS requires payment of the past-due bill before it will respond to a new FOIA request.


If the requested records 
will be made available either in whole or in part, the FOIA Officer shall promptly consult with central office staff to determine the actual cost involved to assemble the records for inspection and copying, including the cost of redacting such records where applicable. All requests for public records taking more than 30 minutes to assemble will have cost associated. The following costs shall be charged at the rates indicated, not to exceed the actual cost:

  • Computer printouts, charged at the rate of 25 cents per page.
  • Photocopies (including those necessary to perform redactions), charged at the rate of 25 cents per page.
  • Other actual costs necessary to assemble the records to include the lowest-paid staff member’s hourly rate who can fulfill a request.


The following is a general description of the types of records held by BCPS:

  • Personnel records concerning employees and officials of BCPS
  • Scholastic records
  • Business and finance records
  • Operational records involving support departments such as Technology, Transportation, Facilities, Food Services, etc.
  • Agendas, minutes and other records of the meetings of the School Board and committees appointed by the School Board (which are also available on the BCPS website at
  • Records of contracts to which BCPS is a party


The Code of Virginia allows any public body to withhold certain records from public disclosure. BCPS commonly withholds records subject to the following exemptions:

  • Scholastic Records (§ 2.2-3705.4 (A) (1))
  • Personnel records (§ 2.2-3705.1 (1) of the Code of Virginia)
  • Records subject to attorney-client privilege (§ 2.2-3705.1 (2)) or attorney work product (§ 2.2-3705.1 (3))
  • Vendor proprietary information (§ 2.2-3705.1 (6))
  • Records relating to the negotiation and award of a contract, prior to a contract being awarded (§ 2.2-3705.1 (12))


The general policy of BCPS is to invoke the personnel records exemption in those instances where it applies in order to protect the privacy of employees and officials of BCPS.

The general policy of BCPS is to invoke the contract negotiations exemption whenever it applies in order to protect BCPS bargaining position and negotiating strategy.

The general policy of BCPS is to invoke the scholastic records exemption in those instances where it applies in order to protect the privacy of students and comply with other state and federal laws governing the privacy of student records.




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